Everything You Need to Know About Risk Analysis: Components, Types, and Methods

Everything You Need to Know About Risk Analysis Components, Types, and Methods

Every business faces risks, and it’s its job to identify and manage them. Risk analysis is a vital part of this process—it’s used to assess what could happen, the likelihood of it happening, and how you can manage them effectively. Risk analysis aims to identify potential risks and then determine their likelihood, impact, and severity. You can then use all the information you gathered in developing a plan to mitigate those risks. In this article, we will discuss the components of risk analysis, examples, and the different types and methods. We will also provide examples to see how risk analysis is performed in practice!


What is Risk Analysis?

Risk analysis is a multi-step process that businesses use to identify, assess, and manage risk. The first step is to identify the potential risks that could affect your business—this can be done through brainstorming sessions with your team or by conducting a SWOT analysis. 

Once you have identified the risks, you need to determine their likelihood, impact, and severity. To do this, you will need to gather data and information about the risks. This can be done through historical data, surveys, interviews, or market research. 

Once you have all the information, you can develop a risk management plan. This plan will involve mitigating the risks so that they are less likely to happen or have a smaller impact if they do occur. 


Risk Assessment Vs. Risk Analysis: What’s the Difference?

A lot of times, risk assessment and risk analysis are used interchangeably. However, they are two different things. Risk assessment is the first step in risk analysis—it’s when you identify the risks that could affect your business. 

Risk assessment focuses primarily on safety and hazard identification, proactively controlling the evaluation of risks. However, risk analysis goes a step further and assesses those risks’ impact, likelihood, and severity.


Types of Risk Analysis

A risk analysis has a huge scope in terms of topics. As a result, there are tons of approaches to analyzing risks or the types of risk analysis. The types of risk analysis include, but are not limited to, the following:


Risk-Benefit and Cost-Benefit Analysis

A risk-benefit involves weighing an action’s benefits and risks (pros and cons). Elements and scenarios are evaluated and ranked against the impact of their potential failure or success. 

On the other hand, a cost-benefit analysis sums the project to the estimated cost of an action and weighs this against the benefits. This is a common type of risk analysis that is used in business. It helps organizations make decisions by evaluating an action’s potential risks and rewards. 


Needs Assessment

A needs assessment is a systematic process for determining the needs of a group or individual. This type of risk analysis is used to identify gaps in services and support. A needs assessment can be conducted through surveys, interviews, or focus groups. 


Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA)

A Failure Mode and Effect Analysis is a risk analysis method used to identify potential failure modes in a process or system. It then assesses the risks associated with those failures. FMEA is typically used in manufacturing and engineering processes. 

This risk analysis method anticipates potential failures and mitigates their potential impact on customers. As a result, FMEA improves product and service reliability while reducing the cost of failures.


Root Cause Analysis

A root cause analysis is a type of risk analysis used to identify the root causes of problems or issues. This method is often used in manufacturing and quality control. It also helps organizations identify and fix the underlying causes of problems to prevent them from happening again. 

Root cause analysis helps prevent recurring problems by targeting the ineffective systems behind them. Examples of root cause analysis tools are the 5 Whys, DMAIC, 5S, and Six Sigma.


Methods of Risk Analysis

There are two types of risk analysis methods: qualitative risk analysis and quantitative risk analysis. 


Qualitative Risk Analysis

Qualitative Risk Analysis rates or scores risk based on the perception of the likelihood and severity of its consequences. It uses a scale to rate risks, such as low, medium, and high. 

This risk analysis method is often used early in risk management. It helps you prioritize risks so that you can focus on the ones that are most likely to occur and have the biggest impact. 


Quantitative Risk Analysis

Quantitative risk analysis uses numerical values to assess risk. It estimates the likelihood and impact of risks using statistical methods and data. 

This risk analysis method is often used later in the risk management process. Once you have identified and prioritized the risks, you can use quantitative risk analysis to get a more accurate picture of their potential consequences. 


Risk Analysis Examples

 Businesses of all shapes and sizes use risk analysis across multiple industries. To incorporate risk analysis, you might want to find a risk analysis example that’s specific to your industry. Here are some risk analysis examples that are relevant to three major industries: manufacturing, construction, and transport logistics:


Construction Risk Analysis Example

The owner of a construction company wants to build a new factory. They conduct a risk analysis to assess the risks of the project. The risk analysis includes looking at the project’s cost, the potential for delays, and the risk of accidents. 

The construction company decides to proceed with the project. However, they take measures to mitigate the risks by ensuring a contingency fund for delays and increasing safety measures on the construction site.


Manufacturing Risk Analysis Example

A risk analysis is conducted at a car manufacturing plant. The risk analysis looks at the potential risks of producing a new car model. These risks include the cost of production, the risk of faulty components, and the risk of accidents. 

The risk analysis concludes that the project is feasible. However, the company decides to take measures to mitigate the risks by increasing the budget for quality control and by implementing new safety measures.


Transport Logistics Risk Analysis Example

A risk analysis is conducted by a transport company that wants to start shipping goods overseas. The risk analysis looks at the potential risks of the project because these risks include the cost of shipping, the risk of damage to goods, and the risk of delays. 

The risk analysis concludes that the project is feasible. However, the company decides to take measures to mitigate the risks by taking out insurance for their shipments and by increasing their contingency fund.


How to Perform Risk Analysis

Now that you know everything there is to know about risk analysis, it’s time to learn how to perform risk analysis. Here are the steps you need to take:


Step 1: Identify the Risks

The first step is identifying the relevant risks to your project or business. To do this, you need to understand what could go wrong and the consequences. Then, you can use a risk register to list all of your identified risks. 


Step 2: Analyze the Risks

Once you have identified the risks, you need to analyze them. This involves understanding how likely each risk will occur and what impact it would have if it did occur. You can use a risk matrix to help you with this step. 


Step 3: Evaluate the Risks

After you have analyzed the risks, you need to evaluate them because this involves deciding which risks you will take and which ones you will avoid or mitigate. 


Step 4: Develop a Risk Management Plan

Once you have evaluated the risks, you must develop a risk management plan. This plan should detail how you will avoid or mitigate the risks you have identified. 


Step 5: Take Action

The final step is to take action. This might involve implementing risk mitigation strategies or setting up contingency plans. 


Perform Risk Analysis with DATAMYTE

Did you know you can execute a successful risk analysis with DATAMYTE? That’s right! With our Digital Clipboard, you can perform a successful risk analysis by following a comprehensive workflow involving all the necessary steps. 

The DataMyte Digital Clipboard is a workflow automation software that lets you collect, manage, and analyze data in real-time. It’s the perfect tool for risk analysis because it gives you visibility into your processes and helps you identify potential risks. 

You can also add, remove, edit, and share your risk analysis process with other team members. So what are you waiting for, start using the DataMyte Digital Clipboard today and take your risk analysis to the next level! Book a demo today!



Risk analysis is a vital tool that can help you make better risk decisions. By understanding the components, types, and methods of risk analysis, as well as how to perform a risk analysis, you will be able to use this tool effectively in your business.



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