Electric cars are becoming popular each year. In fact, some states make up a larger percentage of new car sales than hybrids. You might own one right now. But how do electric cars work, exactly? How does it do it the way it does? If you’re curious about the inner workings of an electric car, read on.
This article will showcase everything you need to know about how an electric vehicle works and functions. Plus, we’ll talk about some of the benefits of driving an electric car versus a traditional fuel-powered car!
How Does the Electric Car Engine Work?
The electric car engine is the main component that makes an electric car, well, electric. So that’s why it’s only right that we first know how an electric car engine functions. Electric engines rely on electricity to work, which is they will need to be plugged into a charge point and take electricity from the grid.
The absorbed electricity is then stored in rechargeable batteries that power the electric motor, which turns the wheels. Since electric cars have instant torque, they tend to accelerate faster than vehicles with traditional fuel engines. They also feel lighter to drive.
How Does Charging Work?
As the name suggests, an electric vehicle needs electricity to run. So you charge an electric car by plugging it into a socket or at a dedicated charging point—also known as EVSE (electric vehicle supply equipment). It takes around four to eight hours to charge an electric car battery from empty to full using a standard home socket.
Rapid chargers can top up batteries much faster, but they’re not as widely available yet. You can also buy a home charger for your electric car, which you can have installed by a qualified electrician. This will set you back a few hundred dollars, but it’ll mean you can charge your car overnight without leaving home.
Different Types of Electric Cars
There are two types of electric cars available in the market right now. It’s important to know which one you own as this will directly affect how you charge your car.
- Battery Electric Vehicles: Also known as Plug-in EVs, this is the most common type of electric car. They’re powered by electricity stored in batteries, which must be regularly plugged into an external power source to stay charged.
- Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles: These types of cars have both a battery and a traditional fuel engine. The electric motor is used to power the car most of the time, with the engine kicking in when the battery runs low. This makes for a more fuel-efficient car, as the engine is only used when needed.
Core Parts of an Electric Vehicle
Electric vehicles have about 90% fewer moving parts than traditional fuel-powered cars. That’s because they don’t need the extra bits that help a combustion engine run. With that said, here’s a quick breakdown of the parts that keep an electric vehicle moving:
- Electric engine: also called the electric motor, the electric engine is the heart of the electric car. It’s powered by electricity from the batteries and rotates the wheels. Electric engines can be DC (direct current) or AC (alternating current) types, with the latter being the more common variant.
- Inverter: The inverter converts the electric power from the batteries into the right current (direct or alternating) to run the electric motor.
- Batteries: as we mentioned before, electric cars need batteries to store electricity. These are usually lithium-ion batteries, which are the same kind used in laptops and phones.
- Drivetrain: EVs possess a single-speed transmission, which differs from the multi-speed transmissions in traditional cars. The drivetrain helps to transfer power from the motor to the wheels.
- Batteries: electric cars need batteries to store electricity. These are usually lithium-ion batteries, which are the same kind used in laptops and phones.
- Charging: To charge your EV, you will need to plug it into an outlet for the EV charging point. Home chargers are also available, which can be installed by a qualified electrician.
How to Charge an EV?
The final question—how do you actually charge an electric car? As we mentioned, you’ll need to plug your EV into an outlet or charging point. This can be done at home, work, or a public charging station.
Generally, there are three types of chargers:
- Three-pin charger: this is the slowest type of charger and is typically used for camping. It plugs into a standard 13 amp three-pin socket.
- Socketed: This charger is a point where you can connect either a Type 1 or 2 cable. The charge rate will depend on the socket type, with 16 amp being the fastest.
- Tethered: This charging variant featured a charge point with a cable attached with either a Type 1 or 2 connectors. The charge rate is dependent on the socket type, but it will be faster than a standard socketed charger.
Why Use DATAMYTE?
If you’re running an automotive manufacturing business, it’s important to have a quality control system in place to ensure that your products are up to scratch. DATAMYTE provides the perfect solution, with our QC software and hardware helping you to streamline your automotive quality control process.
Our software is designed to be user-friendly and can be quickly installed on any factory floor. We also provide various tools and software to help you in any stage of the EV manufacturing process. DATAMYTE can be tailored to your needs, from design and development to final assembly.
One particular software that can greatly help you with EV manufacturing is the DataMyte Digital Clipboard. Our comprehensive workflow automation software lets you create digitized workflows focused on EV manufacturing. In addition, you also get access to EV checklists and forms that let you have a bird’s eye view of the entire process.
With the DataMyte Digital Clipboard, you’ll be able to access their EV checklist template, which contains significant details that will influence your decisions-making positively and ensure a successful EV manufacturing process.
Contact us today to learn more about how DATAMYTE and the DataMyte Digital Clipboard can help your automotive business. We’ll be happy to discuss your specific needs and provide a demo of our software.
Knowing how an electric car works is crucial if you’re running a car manufacturing business and want to venture towards EV manufacturing. We hope this article has helped you understand more about how EV works and their overall functionality. If you’re thinking about making the switch to electric, or want to know more about how DATAMYTE can help your business, don’t hesitate to get in touch.